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END Info No. 19

ENDINFO News, updates and information | European Nuclear Disarmament Issue 19 | Sept 2020 | Produced by the Bertrand Russell Peace Foundation

www.spokesmanbooks.com/Spokesman/PDF/ENDINFO19.pdf

Read the latest edition of END Info, As the number of states ratifying theTreaty on the Prohibition of NuclearWeapons (TPNW) edges ever closerto the ‘magic number’ of 50, it lookscertain that a ‘global ban’ of nuclearweapons will come ‘into force’ earlyin 2021. Once the Treaty passes thisthreshold, the nuclear-armed statesand other states, ‘non-nuclear’NATO members for instance, willhave to decide whether or not tocontinue ignoring the TPNW or ifthey’ll take their obligations as ‘law-abiding’ states seriously.

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Information Modernization

Nuclear Testing Alert

The Bertrand Russell Peace Foundation initiated the following ‘Nuclear Testing Alert’ letter in response to mounting threats from the Trump administration that it will resume nuclear testing. We will publish any responses received and will cover the issues in more detail in the next issue of End Info (July 2020).

Recipients:
State Signatories to the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty
Josep Borrell Fontelles, High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs
António Manuel de Oliveira Guterres, Secretary-General of the United Nations

29th June 2020

Nuclear Testing Alert

  Dear Ambassador/High Commissioner,

The United States last exploded a nuclear device in 1992. For several years, there was an international halt to nuclear testing until 2006, when North Korea exploded the first of six devices. Now, the Trump Administration openly discusses the US also conducting new nuclear tests.

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Information Modernization

Trump’s dangerous nuclear test threat

On 1 March 1954, the United States carried out its largest ever nuclear test. Named ‘Castle Bravo’, the test was part of a series of similar events, ‘Operation Bravo’, designed to assess the feasibility of high-yield and therefore high-energy devices. ‘Castle Bravo’ was expected to produce a yield of six megatons (375 times larger than the bomb that destroyed Hiroshima) but the scientists involved miscalculated. The actual yield was fifteen megatons, 2.5 times higher than predicted and more than 900 times as powerful as the Hiroshima bomb. Becky Alexis-Martin, author of Disarming Doomsday, describes the test as “the most significant radiological incident in US history.” How so?